According to our philosophy, the following three dimensions have to be considered to design learning and to validate competence development along a comprehensive, holistic and effective learning approach.
Therefore LEVEL5 is based on a three-dimensional model which maps the development of

  • Knowledge (-> cognitions)
  • Skills (-> actions) and
  • Attitudes (-> emotions and values)

along five quality levels – from beginner to competent expert.

This model forms the basis for the core LEVEL5 instruments:

The LEVEL5 cube visualises a person’s competence development in a specific (preferably
practical) learning field which is described in the so called LEVEL5 reference system.


The LEVEL5 reference systems facilitate the design and planning of informal/non-formal learning and the validation of competences in a specific practical action and learning field.

The LEVEL5 cube model significantly reduces the complexity when visualising and describing learning outcomes and therefore provides an attractive presentation and documentation system for learning.

With LEVEL5, learning and validation of competences is promoted in practical, rather informal learning situations (e.g. learning on the job, in internships, volunteering and in mobility programmes etc.) and in innovative competence fields (e.g. entrepreneurship, active citizenship and other (key-)competences).

Learn more about LEVEL5 used as validation tool in European Mobility Actions from the video below. 

(Source: VILMA Project, 2012)